1800-1820, Petersburg or Richmond, Virginia (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation) 


Ronald L. Hurst and Jonathan Prown, Southern Furniture 1680-1830: The Colonial Williamsburg Collection. Williamsburg: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 1997. esp. 5594-596. 

Ulirch, Laurel. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, based on her diary, 1785-1812. New York: Knopf, 1990. 

Calvert, Karin. Children in House: The Material Culture of Early Childhood, 1600-1900. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992. 

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South. University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

McMillen, Sally. Motherhood in the Old South: Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Infant Rearing. Louisiana State University Press, 1997.

Morgan, Jennifer L. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. 


1. Children who occupied this cradle would likely have been white. Discuss the role of the mother in caring for and rearing this child. How would that have differed from the experience of an enslaved infant.*

2. Discuss the material culture of childbirth and childhood in the 18th and 19th centuries. 

3. Use the database below to discuss the variety of ways children are referenced in probate inventories.

4. Discuss the role of enslaved women in caring for and rearing white children.* 

* Use the database “North American Women’s Diaries and Letters” to help you answer this question. http:\\\NWLDlive\